Your vehicle is probably one of your more costlier possessions, and certainly one that is heavily relied on. So, making it last as long as possible should be a top priority. Every car requires tender loving care to ensure it stays healthy and smooth for years to come. While getting your car serviced and checked regularly goes a long way, there are certain bad habits that may seem harmless to you but are actually adding to your maintenance costs and damaging the overall health of your car.
Here are the driving habits that could be damaging your car.
1. Late braking
There may be a time when you need to perform an emergency stop, in which case sudden braking is essential. But consistent late braking will place more strain on the braking system, wearing out your pads and discs faster, as well as costing you more fuel in the process. In general, a slow and considered approach to driving, anticipating the road ahead, is better for your car and the environment.
2. Riding the clutch
Riding the clutch is a bad idea, especially as it’s considered to be a ‘wear and tear’ item, and therefore not covered by a warranty. Riding the clutch happens typically when a driver fails to take their foot off the pedal after changing gear, or when attempting to do a hill-start. Poor clutch control will cause excessive wear, shortening the life of the plate. Make sure your foot has left the clutch pedal – using the off-clutch footrest, if fitted. When performing hill-starts, leave the car in neutral with the handbrake on until you’re ready to move.
3. Revving the engine when cold
Some folk may tell you that making regular short journeys is terrible for your car because the engine oil never fully warms up. In reality, all vehicles start from cold, so the critical thing is to avoid revving the engine until it is warmed up. This gives the oil the time to warm and circulate around the engine, avoiding potential damage and undue wear and tear.
4. Ignoring warning lights
Modern dashboards feature more lights. Some, such as “washer fluid” or “bulb gone”, can be ignored until you get a chance to stop. But others need to be investigated at the earliest opportunity. It’s worth checking your owner’s manual to find out what the warning lights on your dashboard mean and familiarizing yourself with the most serious ones so you know which ones to pull over and address immediately when driving. If the following warnings appear on the dashboard, you’re advised to stop and seek help from a reputable local garage:
- Braking system
- Power steering failure
- Oil pressure
- Cooling system
5. Hitting potholes and speed bumps
Reports have found that a third of all vehicle damage is caused as a result of potholes, so these holes in the road really are best avoided. The impact can cause buckled wheels, lumps in the tyre and cracked alloys, as well as upsetting the tracking and wheel balancing. Granted, some potholes are hard to spot – especially in the wet or at night – but where possible, they should be avoided. Similarly, driving over a speed bump without slowing down can cause damage to the front and rear of the car, the underside, and potentially the exhaust system.
6. Shifting from drive to reverse before stopping
Shifting between reverse and drive (and vice versa) in a car fitted with an automatic gearbox is really bad for the transmission. The automatic box is designed to shift gears – leave the brakes to do the stopping. Shifting gear before coming to a stop will cause wear and tear on the transmission band, rather than the brake discs and pads, which are serviceable items.
Any work on the automatic transmission will be labor-intensive, and therefore costly. The same can be said about crunching the gears in a manual car too, so it’s advisable to come to a complete stop before switching in to reverse gear (although most modern cars won’t allow you to switch without stopping anyway).
7. Overloading your vehicle
Modern cars are designed to carry heavy loads, but that doesn’t mean they can’t be overloaded. Your owner’s manual will often tell you your car’s maximum load weight, which will give you an indication of how much luggage you should carry as a total – an exercise often put to the test when moving house or going on a long holiday. The greater the weight, the more strain you’re placing on the brakes, suspension and drivetrain.
It’s also worth noting that while leaving unnecessary items – like golf clubs or gym gear in the boot of your car – won’t add increased strain on your car’s parts, it will affect your car’s fuel economy and possibly your car’s emissions output. So, it’s always advisable to leave the golf clubs at home when not needed and try to travel as light as possible.
8. Flooring the accelerator in a high gear
Many modern cars feature a gearshift indicator light, advising you when to change up or down a gear. These tend to be set for economy, so more often than not you’ll be short shifting to maximize efficiency. However, you need to keep an eye on the downshift icon or be prepared to change down when necessary. Accelerating at low rpm, or in too high a gear, means that the engine is working harder, placing unnecessary strain on the motor. Change down and allow the revs to rise before changing up. This is particularly important when carrying heavy loads or when climbing hills.
9. Resting your hand on the gearstick
As a learner driver, your driving instructor probably told you to keep both hands on the wheel at all times, but many of us develop bad habits as soon as the ‘L’ plates are consigned to the bin. One of these might include resting your hand on the gearstick. But did you know this can be bad for the transmission?
The gearstick is connected to a selector fork, which is designed to make contact with a rotating collar for a short amount of time. If you rest your hand on the gearstick, you risk applying pressure to the selector fork, causing premature wear. Some owner’s manuals specifically advise against resting your hand on the gearstick, it’s worth checking yours to see if that’s the case.
10. Dragging the brakes downhill
Dragging the brakes is lousy practice that will likely add increased wear and tear on brake pads and discs. This will lead to needing to replace them more frequently, which will add an unnecessarily increased expense to your driving. When travelling downhill, it is best to engage a low gear, apply light some light braking, and then release the pedal to allow the brakes to cool. Apply the brakes when required, before repeating the process until you’ve reached the foot of the hill.
Conventional wisdom seems to be that a good driver is someone who doesn’t get into car accidents. Fair enough; that’s obviously the most important part of it. But in actuality, that person is simply a safe driver. A good driver is someone who protects both themselves and their vehicle from harm, and a huge part of that is avoiding the small, everyday bad habits that damage a vehicle over time. Death by a thousand cuts, if you will. If you want to drive your vehicle for as long as possible, avoid the above driving habits that could be damaging your car.