Treasury bills are a secure, short-term investment, offering you returns after a relatively short commitment of funds. Treasury bill rates in Kenya are attractive, providing an excellent investment opportunity that is readily available, as they are auctioned each week. Treasury bills are sold at a discount. This means that investors choose the amount that they will receive when the bill matures, or the face value of the bill, and pay less than that amount when purchasing it. Individuals and corporate bodies can invest in Treasury bills as a nominee of a commercial bank or investment bank in Kenya, but if you hold a bank account with a local commercial bank you can also invest directly through the Central Bank and avoid additional fees.
Here are some of the reasons why you should consider investing in Treasury bills.
Treasury bills are units of government debt, meaning that you are investing in the Kenyan government.
Treasury bills mature in 91, 182 or 364 days, so you will receive your returns within three, six or 12 months.
c. Attractive rates
Treasury bills in Kenya offer consistently competitive returns for investors, making them an attractive investment.
91-day, 182-day and 364-day Treasury bills are auctioned each week, providing consistent investment opportunities.
How to invest in Treasury Bills
Follow this step-by-step guide to invest in Treasury bills through the Central Bank.
1. Open a CDS account
The first step to investing in Treasury bills is to open a CDS account with the Central Bank. It is free to open these accounts, which are how the Central Bank keeps track of who holds which government securities. Once you have your CDS account, which can be opened for an individual or a corporate body, you can invest in multiple Treasury bills and bonds, so you only need to complete this step the first time you’re investing. You can find sample mandate cards here.
2. Decide how you want to invest
Treasury bills are offered every week, with maturities of 91 days, 182 days and 364 days. This means that when you are ready to invest, you will be able to choose from one of those options. Find the Treasury bills on offer this week here. You should decide on a maturity length based on the recent interest rates, which can give you an idea of what to expect in upcoming auctions, and based on how long you can commit your funds for.
The minimum face value purchase for Treasury bills is Ksh 100,000, and you must invest in denominations of Ksh 50,000. Because Treasury bills are sold at a discount, this face value amount is what you will receive at the end of the 91, 182 or 364 day maturity. Your initial investment will be less than the face value.
3. Complete and submit an application form
When you are ready to invest, you need to complete a Treasury bill application form. This includes information about the Treasury bill you want to purchase, like the issue number, the maturity period you want, and the face value amount you want to receive upon maturity. It also includes information about yourself, including your names, telephone number, CDS account number, and whether the funds you are investing are coming from a local or offshore source.
On the application form, you have two options for selecting a rate, which determines how much you will pay for the bill and, therefore, what your return will be when the bill matures. You should select either the Interest/Competitive Rate or the Non-Competitive/Average Rate. Investors choosing the Interest/Competitive Rate bid on the Treasury bills by submitting interest rates they would like to pay. The Central Bank then decides what bids it will accept and determines a cutoff.
Investors who submitted interest rates above that cutoff do not receive treasury bills from that auction. Investors who choose the Non-Competitive/Average Rate are guaranteed to receive Treasury bills from the auction, but their interest rate is a weighted average of the accepted bids from the investors who entered Interest/Competitive rates. While they are guaranteed to receive a bill, the maximum face value for Non-Competitive/Average Rate applications is Ksh 20 million.
The final section on the application form is the Rollover Instructions. To easily facilitate re-investment, investors with maturing bills and bonds can use their returns to purchase further government securities. You can find a sample Treasury Bill Application Form here. You must submit your application form to the Central Bank’s head office or one of its branches by 2pm on Thursday for 364, 182 and 91 day bills.
4. Get the auction results
The Central Bank’s Auction Management Committee (AMC) meets at 4pm on auction days, and after considering all received bids, determines the cut-off rate and the successful weighted average of the accepted bids. The results from the auction are published, both in a daily newspaper and in the Central Bank statistics section. While investors will typically receive Treasury bills in the amount they applied for, the Central Bank can issue bills for a lower amount.
Following the auction, investors need to call or visit the Central Bank or its branches to determine if their applications were successful and to determine how much they owe for their Treasury bills. If you have submitted an application, it is extremely important that you contact the Central Bank to determine what your payment will be, as you will need to make that payment by 2pm on the following Monday or, if the Monday is a public holiday, the following Tuesday.
The payment period for an auction typically closes on the following Monday at 2pm. Investors can submit their payments, in the amounts specified when they contact the Central Bank, through cash or banker’s cheques for amounts under Ksh 1 million and through a KEPSS transfer for larger amounts. Successful applicants who fail to submit payments within the payment period can be barred from future investment in government securities.
6. Maturity proceeds
At the end of the 91, 182 or 364 day period, the face value amount of the bill will be remitted into the commercial bank account indicated on the CDS account. Alternatively, an investor may choose to rollover their securities into a new forthcoming issue and in this case, they have to complete application form giving rollover instructions and submit to Central Bank before closure of the period of sale for that bill.
The maturity date of the maturing security (investment) and the value date of the new treasury bill must match for rollover instruction to be successful. The bank therefore does not remit maturing proceeds into investor’s bank account but rather sends only refund amounts generated from the new investment.
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